Helmet Laws by State

Helmet Laws by State

Welcome to the original 50 State Helmet Law list. Below you will find a complete list of states, some quick stats on whether or not motorcycle helmets are mandatory, and if so any ages that require them.

From this page you will be able to click through to another more specific page on each state, where you will find more detail with whatever information we have on hand.

We do our best to keep this list accurate but we are not lawyers, so remember, this information is for entertainment purposes only. If you want to take a stand against helmet laws please do speak with a lawyer who understands the requirements in your state, otherwise if you are required to wear a helmet while riding a motorcycle in your jurisdiction, take a look at our guide to the different types of motorcycle helmets.

This list is a continuing work-in-progress. We apologize for this list going offline for a short period but we are back and will be making more amendments as we go. If you have information that is important and is missing, or if you see out of date information, please contact us and we will update this resource.

Helmet Law Quick Stats

Totally Free Choice States24 States with partial or modified helmet laws3 States with modified laws requiring medical insurance19 States still mandatory for all riders

STATE

OVERVIEW

Alabama

Mandatory

Alaska

18, passengers

Arizona

18

Arkansas (1996)

21

California

Mandatory

Colorado

18, passengers

Connecticut

18, permit holders

Delaware

19, permit holders, reflectorization

Florida

21, Medical Insurance (min $10K)

Georgia

Mandatory

Hawaii

18, reflectorization

Idaho

18

Illinois

TOTALLY FREE!

Indiana

18, permit holders

Iowa

TOTALLY FREE!

Kansas

18

Kentucky

All instructional permit holders, novice riders, and those under 21

Louisiana

Mandatory

Maine

18, permit holders, novice riders and passengers of riders requiring a helmet

Maryland

Mandatory, reflectorization

Massachusetts

Mandatory

Michigan

21 and older, plus medical insurance requirement

Minnesota

18, permit holders

Mississippi

Mandatory

Missouri

Mandatory

Montana

18

Nebraska

Mandatory

Nevada

Mandatory

New Hampshire

18

New Jersey

Mandatory, reflectorization

New Mexico

18, reflectorization

New York

Mandatory, reflectorization

North Carolina

Mandatory

North Dakota

18, reflectorization

Ohio

18 and novice riders

Oklahoma

18

Oregon

Mandatory

Pennsylvania (2003)

21, 2 yrs riding or Safety Course

Rhode Island

21, novice riders, all passengers

South Carolina

21, reflectorization

South Dakota

18

Tennessee

Mandatory

Texas

21, reflectorization

Utah

18

Vermont

Mandatory, reflectorization

Virginia

Mandatory

Washington

Mandatory

West Virginia

Mandatory, reflectorization

Wisconsin

18, permit holders

Wyoming

18

District of Columbia

Mandatory, reflectorization

Puerto Rico

Mandatory

No Helmet Law

2 States 100% Free

Illinois Iowa

Mandatory Helmet Law

19 States Not Free

Alabama

California

Georgia

Louisiana

Maryland 

Massachusetts

Mississippi

Missouri

Nebraska

Nevada

New Jersey

New York

North Carolina

Oregon

Tennessee

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Age Requirement

27 States Partially Free

18 and Under

19 and Under

21 and Under

Arizona

Connecticut 

Idaho

Kansas

Minnesota

New Hampshire

North Dakota

Oklahoma

Utah

Wyoming

Delaware

Arkansas

Kentucky

Michigan

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Texas

Pennsylvania

Age Requirement + Insurance

2 States Partially Free, 21 and Over

FloridaMichigan